Flat feet rarely come alone, depending on the severity of the deformity may cause discomfort. What factors favor the formation of flat feet and are there ways to counteract flat feet? These questions we follow in this blog post.
How is a flatfoot created?
A flat foot is created by lowering the longitudinal arch of the foot. This is easily recognized by the footprint. If the ligaments and muscles in the foot can no longer hold the longitudinal arch, it sinks and the foot is in full contact with the floor. If the Haltestatik no longer exists in the foot, the foot does not straighten up in the unloaded state, is spoken of a flat foot. There is a distinction between a congenital and an acquired flatfoot . The congenital flat foot is a hereditary malformation that exists from birth and may be associated with other malformations. The acquired flatfoot, however, develops in the course of life and requires treatment only in case of discomfort.
Causes of flat feet
The cause of flat feet is overloading of the longitudinal arch, among other things due to heavy obesity . In addition, congenital connective tissue weaknesses can cause flat feet, causing the ligaments and tendons in the foot to diminish with increasing age, causing the arch of the foot to slowly sink. Not to be despised is the choice of the wrong footwear. Too tight shoes , the toe and bale freedom is limited, with the result that the important muscles are not activated while running and they regress. This process initially manifests itself in a kinking foot , which then passes to the flat foot.
Causes of flat feet in short:
- Congenital connective tissue weaknesses
- Too tight shoes
Diagnosis and treatment of flat feet
A flatfoot is already visible to the naked eye. Unlike a healthy foot, the inside of the foot lies completely on the ground. A congenital flat foot can be determined by X-ray: If the foot bones are deformed, this is an unmistakable sign of a congenital flat foot. To treat a flat foot this is divided into five severity levels, so as to guarantee an optimal treatment.
Severity 1: The flatfoot is only slightly pronounced and can be corrected by the doctor. The patient can influence the malposition even through exercises.
Severity 2: The foot is still flexible and can be treated by the doctor. In this case, the Achilles tendon has already shortened slightly.
Severity 3: The Achilles tendon is significantly shortened and the rear foot part points slightly outwards (kink foot). The malposition can only be partially corrected by conservative treatment.
Severity 4: To pronounced shortening of the Achilles tendon and the kink foot is the spreading of the forefoot added. The malposition is so severe that a conservative treatment is only possible to a limited extent.
Severity 5: The flatfoot can not be corrected. The entire foot has due to the strong deformity on a deformation of the entire foot.
Purely aesthetically, a flat foot does not look pretty, but as long as there are no complaints with the malposition, a flat foot is completely unproblematic. However, if discomfort occurs in the ankle or ligaments, surgery can provide relief. For this a corresponding diagnosis of a doctor must be obtained.
Good to know:
Babies are born with flat feet. The adolescent flatfoot grows out at puberty and assumes the normal shape of the foot when it develops optimally.
Prevent flat feet
Walk a lot barefoot ! Because this activates and trains the muscles , ligaments and tendons in the foot. Consequently, the feet can endure more and the risk of a flat foot is counteracted. Practical are also various exercises for the feet , if you already suffer from flat feet. This can avoid that the flat foot continues to develop. Very important, of course, are the matching shoes with a pleasant width and with appropriate toe freedom. Our comfortable footwear by Natural Feet is perfect. Not only are they extremely flexible due to the deerskin, they also convince with the comfortable shoe width H.